Visit Teruel, stay in Aragon
On a hill in southern Aragon, Teruel still has an aspect very marked by a Muslim past, due to its architectural heritage Mudejar style, dating from the 13th century.
Architecture that can be admired from the towers or roof of the Cathedral of Santa Maria de Mediavilla. Among the towers of the city are Calle Nueva, the tower of San Salvador with its brick facade and double arcades, and the 14th century church of San Martín.
Teruel is also a city dedicated to love. It shelters the Mausoleum of the Lovers of Teruel, Juan de Marcilla and Isabel de Segura. The tragic story of these two legendary characters killed by their impossible love in the 13th century, contributes to the fame of the city. We can see their tombs, with their sculpted faces, in the chapel of San Pedro church.
It is on the Plaza del Torico, the square of the small bull, lined with terraces and shops, that open the streets enclosed within the ramparts of the old medieval city.
It is at the bottom of this square in the shape of a triangle that we discover the emblem of the city, the bull with the star: a column surmounted by a statue representing a black bull of small size, a curiosity attracting most visitors.
The square is surrounded by beautiful houses such as Casa Ferrán or Casa de la Comunidad, the 16th-century Renaissance building that houses the Provincial Museum.
Slightly to the south-west of the city we will visit Dinópolis, a didactic park with a prehistoric theme. It houses, among others, the Palaeontological Museum of Teruel which presents one of the best collections of dinosaurs in the world.
Teruel, isolated between Zaragoza and Valencia, is connected to these two cities by a motorway and, more generally, to Spain by rail and the national bus station.
Built in 1921 in a neo-Mudejar style, this beautiful staircase structure with its steps adorned with the famous ‘Los Amantes’ murals, links the medieval city to the modern part of Teruel. By using it, you can reach the railway station directly from the city centre.
Situation: Paseo del Óvalo.
The walls of Teruel
They were built from the 13th to 15th centuries, only a few of the 40 towers that originally furnished them are still visible. If sections of walls are still standing, most of them are hidden by dwellings built over the last centuries.
San Esteban Tower
The San Esteban Tower is one of the few towers to have been preserved. Circular in shape, its base is equipped with an arched door. Door-tower pierced in the wall, it was a point of access to the city but one cannot penetrate inside.
Situation: Ronda of Ambeles.
Aqueduct Los Arcos
At the same time aqueduct and viaduct, the pillars of its second body are open to traffic, it is the work of Quinto Pierres Vedel. At the same time engineer, architect and sculptor, this man of whom it is not known with certainty whether he was French began in 1537 of the works which lasted during all the XVIe century. < /p>
With its arcade levels, it connects the modern part to the medieval part of the city.
Situation: Camino Bajo Los Arcos.
The museum is housed in the Casa de la Comunida, a 16th-century Renaissance building located in the heart of the historic Teruel, and is divided into several centres of interest: archaeology, ethnography, palaeontology for the main ones.
The archaeology covers a period ranging from prehistoric times to the Christian kingdoms while emphasizing the cultures that shaped the region: Iberian, Roman, Visigothic and Arab-Muslim.
The ethnology section exhibits clothing, tools, ceramics and objects of traditional craftsmanship.
It is in the annex of the nearby Torreón de Ambales, Plaza de Domingo Gascón, where the collections of ancient toys and bibliographies of contemporary art are located.
Situation: Plaza Frey Anselmo Polanco, 3.
Visits: Tuesday to Friday and public holidays from 10am to 2pm – 4pm to 7pm. Saturdays and Sundays from 10am to 2pm. Admission free of charge.
Catedral Santa María de Mediavilla
With its 13th-century tower, roof and 16th-century UNESCO World Heritage Listed Lantern Tower, the cathedral has a strong Arab-Muslim influence.
It is a Moor, Juzaff, who replaced the Romanesque apses with those, gothic-mudejar, of which one can still admire that of the great chapel. In addition, the cathedral has three naves in dry masonry and bricks inherited from the extension of the old Romanesque structure dating from the late 12th century.
Situation: Plaza de la Catedral
Visits: Monday to Friday from 11am to 2pm then from 4pm to 8pm (until 7pm from October to May). Only in the afternoon on Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays. Admission free of charge.
Church and Tower San Pedro
More modest than the cathedral, San Pedro is a 14th century building whose brick tower is inlaid with ceramics. Inside: a single nave with ribbed vaulting and side chapels, the large altarpiece is in Renaissance style.
As for the chapel of the Lovers, it is located next to the Epistle, however the tombs of the lovers are carefully preserved in an outbuilding of the church.
Situation: Calle Matías Abad
Visits: every day from 10am to 2pm – 4pm to 8pm, without interruption from June to September. Admission: 7 €, reduced price: 5,50 €.
Church and Tour San Martín
If the original church dates from 1196, the present building is from the end of the 17th century. Its oldest part, the gothic-mudejar tower, is from the beginning of the 14th century. It is square, decorated with bricks and ceramics.
Situation: Plaza Prado.
Situation: 40 km west of Teruel.
At the foot of the Pinares de Rodeno massif, sheltered in the meanders of Guadalaviar, Albarracín was the capital of a Taifa kingdom.
Interspersed with imposing ramparts that extend beyond the perimeter of the old town, classified as a place of cultural interest, Albarracin still preserves this past, both Moorish and medieval.
The Alcázar and the Andador Tower were built in the 10th century and the walls built by the Taifa kings date from the 11th century. Later, the kings of Aragon completed the walls, towers and small military forts still visible today.
To have a panorama of the surroundings and the Guadalaviar, you have to climb the steep streets that lead to the viewpoint located on the Plaza Mayor. You will discover the El Salvador cathedral dating from the 10th century and the diocesan palace which in its museum exhibits beautiful Flemish tapestries.
Alcalá de la Selva
Situation: 75 km east of Teruel.
Main winter resort of the province, Alcalá de la Selva is nestled in the Sierra de Gúdar, a little to the east of Teruel.
Famous for the beauty of its landscapes and its numerous small orchards irrigated by the Alcalá, the town is very popular with Aragonese and Valencian hikers.
Inherited from its past, its Moorish streets are home to the church of San Simón y San Judas, an example of 16th century sacred art.
A 16th century sanctuary dedicated to the Virgen de Vega, it is located three kilometers from Alcála, shelters a Romanesque representation of the Virgen.
Every year on 8 September, the very old Moorish and Christian Festival continues, which recreates this period.
Situation: 90 km west of Teruel.
Nestling on a rocky peak bordered by cliffs, the small town of Cantavieja has one of the most complete Gothic heritage heritages of Aragon.
Its medieval castle, whose ruins still dominate the surrounding area, was destroyed during the First Carlist War (1833-1839); Cantavieja was the stronghold of the Carlist General Ramón Carera,’ the tiger of the Maestrazgo’. p>
In the medieval alleyways, a few stately houses such as Casa Novales or Casa Bayle, the gothic church of San Miguel, the church of La Asunción (18th century) or the old baroque hospital of San Roque.
The unspoilt wild landscapes of this mountainous region, the Maeztrazgo, attract many hikers.
Situation:120 km east of Teruel.
Little medieval jewel declared of cultural interest, Mirambel’s architectural complex was awarded a few years ago the’ Europa Nostra Restoration Prize’.
Perched on a high plateau overlooking the Cantavieja River, its walled enclosure has remained almost intact and with its beautifully preserved 13th century ramparts, it reproduces a medieval atmosphere.
Palaces and manor houses appear here along the alleyways, the imposing two-storey town hall supported by a typical Aragonese gallery, next to the baroque church of Santa Margarita.
The San Roque hermitage, the Gothic convent of the Augustinians and the San Martín church complete Mirambel’s patrimony.
Situation: 115 km northeast of Teruel.
The old village of Castellote is perched on a rocky promontory whose steep cliffs descend towards the valley of the Guadalope.
The medieval quarter of Castellote, with the ruins of its old Templar castle, has become one of the most frequented tourist sites in the still wild region of Maestrazgo. < /p>
From this Templar fortress, do not miss the tower and the former prison of the Templar Commanders and the entrance gates of the original enclosure. A visit to be completed by the Virgen del Agua hermitage, 12th century Romanesque style and the Planas, Don José, and Gordiano mansions.
Situation: 150 km northeast of Teruel.
Comfortably wrapped in a wide meander of the Guadalope River, Alcañiz belongs to the “drum path”. This name is due to the drums and bass drum buzzing that punctuates the Holy Week festivities.
Part of the main cities of the Kingdom of Aragon, Alcañiz is rich in historical and artistic architectural heritage. On the medieval complex of the Plaza de España there are the market halls and the town hall with Renaissance architecture.
The collegiate Santa María, whose work began in the mid-18th century, displays Baroque and Mudéjares influences. As for its castle of los Clatravos, which overlooks the city from the top of the Pui Pinos hill, with its gothic keep, it has been converted into a tourism parador.
Situation: 100 km east of Teruel.
It is by crossing the medieval bridge of San Roque, spanning the Matarraña river, that one enters a city centre made of winding alleys with tight houses. These ascend to the hill on which a 14th century castle is situated.
In addition to this spectacular castle, the church of Santa María la Mayor (16th century) is classified as a historical and artistic monument. An example of Gothic art in the city, the church is connected to the castle by a covered passage.
Other buildings and monuments complete Teruel’s architectural richness: the porch of Bergos (13th-14th century), the gate of San Roque (14th century), or the 16th century town hall. Renaissance style, the Town Hall, classified as a National Monument, shows an Aragonese gallery with semicircular arches.
Situation: 200 km east of Teruel, 50 km from Alcañiz.
In the extreme east of the province of Teruel, hiking enthusiasts will find in Beceite 3 paths of Great Hiking including the GR-8 starting at Puertos de Beceite, at the foot of the Maeztrazgo massif, joins Javalambre.
On a hill overlooking the Matarraña River, the town centre features some interesting buildings such as the Santa Ana hermitage, a 17th century Gothic Renaissance building made of dry masonry and ashlars, or the 18th century Baroque San Bartolomé church.
At five kilometres from Beceite, the natural site of El Parrizal, 200 metres long and two metres wide and sixty metres high, is home to one of the last refuges of the Hispanic goat.